Despite vast scientific efforts over many decades, prediction of volcanic eruptions remains highly challenging. Recent research on the Italian volcano Mount Etna, one of the most active volcanoes in the world, may have developed a new tool for the purpose. By measuring air concentrations of the naturally occurring radioactive gas radon, scientists gain insight into the magmatic events in the volcano’s subsurface. Hopefully this will enable early warning on future eruptions.
The solution uses a Long range Wide Area Network (LoRaWAN) to collect data from IoT sensors which is then transmitted to a dedicated server 1,200Km away at the Clermont-Ferrand University in France using GARR, GÉANT and Renater networks.